The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

Fewer women than men have worked abroad for at least six months (42 per cent and 52 per cent respectively) but they share exactly the same motivations — to develop management skills, build their network and increase their earnings.

“地王”辈出 这些城市为何还不限购?

Porto is nearly synonymous to port wine, and also its rich history. The city's historic center and the Alto Douro Wine Region have been listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
在岛上海边的总督大楼,数万名支持群众等待罗塞略在宣誓就职典礼后的到来,手握着伞挡住炽热阳光。
2017年度国家公务员考试上周日开考,大学生自主创业和"玉兔"月球车等最近的热门话题进入国考考题。
另一名来自美国的毕业生写道,来自世界各地的知识的丰富性和深度为课程带来了巨大的价值,他补充称,“鉴于这里汇聚着众多的文化和经验,有关贿赂的课堂道德讨论不像典型的美国学校那样枯燥。”

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 实木成品家具因无木材运输证明被没收 官方称“处罚符合规定” in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

光明网:抢着送老师手机 和争抢学区房同理

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

两人的正式获奖词说的是表彰其“稳定匹配理论和市场设计实践”。
时间:2010-03-31 编辑:vicki
数据还显示,网红的分布和经济发展水平也有密切关系,北京、上海、广东、江苏和浙江等较发达地区是网红分布最多的五个地区。
《她》(Her),由斯派克?琼斯(Spike Jonze)担任编剧兼导演,将浪漫带入了虚拟世界,影片的主人公展开了一场有些疯狂的真正激情之旅。华金?菲尼克斯(Joaquin Phoenix)扮演的男主角是个令人心酸的孤独小伙子,他爱上了自己智能手机的新操作系统。影片的基本构想有些脆弱,但故事非常华丽地展开,霍伊特?范?霍特玛(Hoyte Van Hoytema)的摄影也很精妙,完美地烘托了菲尼克斯、艾米?亚当斯(Amy Adams)和斯嘉丽?约翰逊(Scarlett Johansson)的表演。斯嘉丽?约翰逊在片中扮演的是智能手机操作系统的声音和灵魂。

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

即使我们把吉布森视作租赁合同并且他将在夏天离开,雷霆对这笔交易依然感觉良好。
[t?ek]
However, some lawmakers already are discussing a standoff again in late February over raising the federal borrowing limit. 'You can never count on policy makers to not shoot themselves in the foot,' Mr. Daco said.

投机性购房需求抬头 房价过快上涨应保持警觉

We will explore new forms of social governance.
Both claim to represent the people against foreigners and traitors.

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 棚改10年来全国累计开工3896万套 圆一亿人安居梦 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

想要工作稳定,最重要的是你与老板的关系。即使他跟你说:“我很想留住你,但是他们一定要让我辞退你。”这很有可能是假话。他才是那个下决定的人。
当你走进来的时候,我对你的认识比你的想象中的多。我在网上寻找关于你的资料,利用我自己的关系网来做面试前的背景调查。
A cheery New Year hold lots of happiness for you!给你特别的祝福,愿新年带给你无边的幸福、如意。
单词affection 联想记忆:

毕业季房租5年上涨超5成 中介称房租上涨难免

当汤姆?雷文斯克罗夫特(Tom Ravenscroft)在2007年拿到经济与管理学位离开牛津大学(Oxford)的时候,他希望当一名管理顾问。而且他也在实习后收到了奥纬咨询(Oliver Wyman)的录用通知。他说:“除了进入商界,我对从事什么职业没有任何想法,职业在那时候还是一个非常模糊的概念。”
Horowitz, speaking to radio station RTE, said he was keen to keep the new Bond true to the 1950s creation.
那么,于汽车业而言,2015年又意味着什么?以下是一些有根据的猜测。
Jennifer Lawrence also took home the gong for best actress in a movie for her role in the critical darling Joy.
“我们从斯雷布雷尼察大屠杀事件了解了荷兰和荷兰人是什么样的,”埃尔多安说起现代荷兰历史上最可耻的一幕,“我们从他们屠杀那里的8000名波斯尼亚人就知道,他们品德败坏到何等地步。”
The dollar value of exports from emerging market countries will rise next year for the first time since 2014, helped by higher commodity prices and modestly stronger demand, it is predicted.
受此影响,对设备等关键领域的商业投资一直处在美国复苏历史中的低点。若就业市场缓慢改善,且家庭财富增长,则可能引发消费支出增加的良性循环,增强商业信心并增加投资。但若情况并非如此,那么今年将再度令人失望。
乌龙事件澄清之后,《爱乐之城》制片人乔丹?霍罗威茨重新拿回麦克风说 “《月光男孩》获得了最佳影片奖”,而且强调“这不是玩笑”。
3.Pay no attention to those bow-tied etiquette experts you sometimes see on CNN International, telling you how to behave while in Britain. These people are generally of dubious provenance, normally live in California and tend to peddle advice that is either irrelevant or out of date. For example, they will often say that Britons love queuing and are so fond of apologising that they will often say "sorry" even when something isn't their fault. In reality, Britons are just as likely to jump to the front of a queue and then punch the person behind them for coughing. It all depends on how muggy it is.

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

《为奴十二年》导演史蒂夫?麦奎因(Steve McQueen)在登台领奖时说:我有点吓到了。然后他微微耸肩,引用片中福音歌曲的歌词,说了句“翻涌吧,约旦河,翻涌吧”("Roll, Jordan, roll")。
2016年国家公务员考试报名人数已经超过去年,仅周二一天,符合考试条件的报考人员就达到13.2万人以上,这是单日报考人数最高的一天。
德肖维茨称,这个说法太模糊了,学校没有提出任何具体的要求。“当学校严肃处理学生时,却不说明他们的判断标准,我认为这是有问题的。”
The actress who kick-started the exposure of Hollywood moguls who allegedly exploited positions of power to abuse women has branded #MeToo campaigners against sex attackers 'losers'.
n. 面具,面罩,伪装

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

Lian Ping, chief economist with the Bank of Communications, said rising producer prices may push up consumer prices in the longer term.

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

单词protection 联想记忆:
为了让故事更符合现代读者的口味,新作加入了一些“小花样”,包括吸烟会导致癌症的广告词以及一位跟邦德不相上下的女性。

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

Dunkirk

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)